What is the procedure for the acquisition of land in the Republic of Lithuania?
• Citizens and companies, institutions or organizations of the member states of the European Union and NATO have the right to acquire land on the territory of Lithuania under the same conditions as citizens of the Republic of Lithuania or legal persons registered in the country.
• When acquiring land designated for other purposes, natural and legal persons of the member states of the European Union and NATO shall not be subject to any additional restrictions on the total area of acquired land (except for the Areas for National Defence and State Border Guard). Land parcels for other purposes include the following land parcels for the main designated use:
1. Areas of single-family or duplex residential buildings: Land parcels designated for single-family or duplex residential buildings with ancillary non-residential buildings.
2. Areas of multi-apartment residential buildings and dormitory type buildings: Land parcels designated for three or more (multi-apartment) apartment residential buildings and residential buildings for various social groups with ancillary non-residential buildings.
3. Public areas: Land parcels designated for state and municipal administrative buildings and their functions; for religious buildings and activities of religious communities; for social infrastructure – buildings designated for scientific and cultural activities, medical treatment, sports facilities and structures of sports engineering; buildings for special purposes.
4. Areas for the construction of industrial and storage objects: Land parcels for the buildings of production, repairing and industrial companies or workshops, warehouses, energy facilities.
5. Areas of commercial objects: Land parcels for hotel type buildings, buildings for administrative, commercial, service, catering purposes and sports facilities.
6. Areas of communication network and engineering services objects: Land parcels designated for transport and garage buildings, buildings and facilities for the infrastructure of electronic communication and power supply of engineering services.
7. Areas of communication network and engineering services corridors: Land parcels for communication networks, engineering services and watering places.
8. Recreational areas: Land parcels for long-term (stationary) recreation with recreational buildings or for short-term recreation.
9. Areas of common use (used by towns, townships and villages or municipalities): Land parcels for common public use: botanical and zoological gardens, cemeteries and associated structures, public spaces of urban areas.
10. Areas for the exploitation of mineral resources: Land parcels for extraction and mining of mineral resources in open mines (quarries), underground mines (shafts) and boreholes, as well as their storage.
11. Areas for storage, sorting and recovery of waste (landfills): Land parcels for waste disposal: for the storage of waste pending recovery for more than 3 years, for the storage of waste pending for disposal for more than 1 year, as well as for waste recovery: for recovery or disposal, for collection and storage.
12. Separate green areas: Land parcels of green areas designated for separate recreational, scientific, cultural, memorial, protective and ecological purposes.
• When natural and legal persons from the member states of the European Union and NATO acquire agricultural land, they shall not be subject to any additional restrictions, if the total area of the acquired land owned by the person within the territory of Lithuania, after the conclusion of the transaction of the transfer of agricultural land, does not exceed 10 hectares, including the land of the same designation already held.
• A person or related persons may acquire agricultural land on the territory of Lithuania, but the total area of agricultural land belonging to them cannot exceed 500 hectares. The right to acquire agricultural land with an area of more than 10 ha, together with the land of the same designation already held is provided to:
1. A natural person who possesses professional skills and competence. By such a person shall be meant a natural person who, for at least three years over the last ten years until the conclusion of a transaction on the acquisition of agricultural land, has carried out agricultural activities (including the period of studies and/or training in acquiring education in the area of agriculture) and declared agricultural land and crops, where he/she has registered a farmer’s farm or holds a diploma in the area of agriculture, except for young farmers aged under 40.
2. A legal person that, for at least three years over the last ten year period until the conclusion of a transaction on the acquisition of agricultural land, has carried out agricultural activities and declared agricultural land and crops, where its income from agricultural activities accounts for more than 50 per cent of all income.
• Natural and legal persons of the member states of the European Union and NATO shall not be subject to any additional restrictions on the total area of acquired forest land.